Wildlife Habitat

Terrestrial Wildlife Habitat

Terrestrial Wildlife Habitat Dense cover, diverse grass communities and available food are critical to the success of wildlife populations as well as to the overall health and productivity of a well-managed ranch. The establishment, restoration and maintenance of these key ingredients contribute to a healthy ranch ecosystem capable of supporting a diversity of wildlife from songbirds to trophy elk.

We use the combination of site-specific advice from the best wildlife biologists, as well as progressive land management and habitat enhancement techniques to evaluate the existing wildlife habitat potential of your ranch. We will then design and implement a custom plan reflective of your agricultural and recreational goals.


Most of our projects also include landowner-specific improvements such as the construction of wildlife viewing/hunting blinds, sporting clays courses, trail systems and warming huts.

Wildlife and Conservation Management, Enhancement, and Restoration

Aquatic (Lake, Pond, Stream, Wetland) Habitat

USDA and USF&W Program Administration

Environmental Quality Improvement Program (EQIP)

Wildlife habitat Incentive Program (WHIP)

Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA)

Wetland Reserve Program (WRP)

Grassland Reserve Program (GRP)

Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)

USF&W Service Private Land Wetland Restoration and Construction



Optimization of upland habitats for



Small wildlife

Big game Elk



Rare, endangered, threatened species

Native prairie and grassland restoration

Forest Management for wildlife management

Aquatic (Lake, Pond, Stream, Wetland) Habitat

Lake and Pond management and Restoration Algae and nuisance weed control

Fish and wildlife habitat enhancement

Fish surveys and stocking


Water quality enhancement

Shoreline erosion control

Leak sealing

Streams and River Enhancement Habitat restoration and enhancement

Fluvial geomorphological restoration

Fisheries / Surveys and restoration

Streambank stabilization


Wetlands construction, Restoration and Enhancement

Environmental Quality Incentives Program

The Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) was reauthorized in the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (Farm Bill) to provide a voluntary conservation program for farmers and ranchers that promotes agricultural production and environmental quality as compatible national goals. EQIP offers financial and technical help to assist eligible participants install or implement structural and management practices on eligible agricultural land.

EQIP offers contracts with a minimum term that ends one year after the implementation of the last scheduled practices and a maximum term of ten years. These contracts provide incentive payments and cost-shares to implement conservation practices. Persons who are engaged in livestock or agricultural production on eligible land may participate in the EQIP program. EQIP activities are carried out according to an environmental quality incentives program plan of operations developed in conjunction with the producer that identifies the appropriate conservation practice or practices to address the resource concerns. The practices are subject to NRCS technical standards adapted for local conditions.

EQIP may cost-share up to 75 percent of the costs of certain conservation practices. Incentive payments may be provided for up to three years to encourage producers to carry out management practices they may not otherwise use without the incentive. However, limited resource producers and beginning farmers and ranchers may be eligible for cost-shares up to 90 percent. Farmers and ranchers may elect to use a certified third-party provider for technical assistance. An individual or entity may not receive, directly or indirectly, cost-share or incentive payments that, in the aggregate, exceed $450,000 for all EQIP contracts entered during the term of the Farm Bill.

Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program

The Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program (WHIP) is a voluntary program for people who want to develop and improve wildlife habitat primarily on private land. Through WHIP USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service provides both technical assistance and up to 75 percent cost-share assistance to establish and improve fish and wildlife habitat. WHIP agreements between NRCS and the participant generally last from 5 to 10 years from the date the agreement is signed.

WHIP has proven to be a highly effective and widely accepted program across the country. By targeting wildlife habitat projects on all lands and aquatic areas, WHIP provides assistance to conservation minded landowners.

The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 reauthorized WHIP as a voluntary approach to improving wildlife habitat in our Nation. Program administration of WHIP is provided under the Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Program Priorities for Fiscal Year 2008

Promote the restoration of declining or important native wildlife habitats.

Protect, restore, develop or enhance wildlife habitat of at-risk species (candidate species, and State and Federally listed threatened and endangered species).

Reduce the impacts of invasive species on wildlife habitats.

Protect, restore, develop or enhance declining or important aquatic wildlife species’ habitats.

Agricultural Management Assistance

Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) provides cost share assistance to agricultural producers to voluntarily address issues such as water management, water quality, and erosion control by incorporating conservation into their farming operations. Producers may construct or improve water management structures or irrigation structures; plant trees for windbreaks or to improve water quality; and mitigate risk through production diversification or resource conservation practices, including soil erosion control, integrated pest management, or transition to organic farming.

Wetlands Reserve Program

The Wetlands Reserve Program is a voluntary program offering landowners the opportunity to protect, restore, and enhance wetlands on their property.  The USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) provides technical and financial support to help landowners with their wetland restoration efforts.  The NRCS goal is to achieve the greatest wetland functions and values, along with optimum wildlife habitat, on every acre enrolled in the program.  This program offers landowners an opportunity to establish long-term conservation and wildlife practices and protection.

Grassland Reserve Program

The Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) is a voluntary program offering landowners the opportunity to protect, restore, and enhance grasslands on their property. Section 2401 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (Pub. L. 107-171) amended the Food Security Act of 1985 to authorize this program. The Natural Resources Conservation Service, Farm Service Agency and Forest Service are coordinating implementation of GRP, which helps landowners restore and protect grassland, rangeland, pastureland, shrubland and certain other lands and provides assistance for rehabilitating grasslands. The program will conserve vulnerable grasslands from conversion to cropland or other uses and conserve valuable grasslands by helping maintain viable ranching operations.

Grasslands make up the largest land cover on America’s private lands. Privately-owned grasslands and shrublands cover more than 525 million acres in the United States. For the first time, the U.S. Department of Agriculture will direct financial resources and technical expertise to help landowners protect and restore these lands.

Conservation Reserve Program

The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) provides technical and financial assistance to eligible farmers and ranchers to address soil, water, and related natural resource concerns on their lands in an environmentally beneficial and cost-effective manner. The program provides assistance to farmers and ranchers in complying with Federal, State, and tribal environmental laws, and encourages environmental enhancement. The program is funded through the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC). CRP is administered by the Farm Service Agency, with NRCS providing technical land eligibility determinations, conservation planning and practice implementation.

The Conservation Reserve Program reduces soil erosion, protects the Nation’s ability to produce food and fiber, reduces sedimentation in streams and lakes, improves water quality, establishes wildlife habitat, and enhances forest and wetland resources. It encourages farmers to convert highly erodible cropland or other environmentally sensitive acreage to vegetative cover, such as tame or native grasses, wildlife plantings, trees, filterstrips, or riparian buffers. Farmers receive an annual rental payment for the term of the multi-year contract. Cost sharing is provided to establish the vegetative cover practices.